Research shows that the air within homes and buildings can be more polluted than outdoor air. The average person spends approximately 90% of their time indoors. A potential indoor air pollutant of concern is radon.
What is Radon?
Radon is a colorless and odorless radioactive gas. It is formed during the breakdown of uranium, which is found in nearly all soils and rock. Radon ranks among the most serious environmental health problems facing our nation today.
How does radon get indoors?
High levels of radon in the soil are primarily responsible for indoor radon problems. Radon seeps into homes through gaps or cracks in the foundation floor or walls, sump pits, drains or other openings. Once confined in an enclosed space such as a home, it can accumulate to unhealthy levels.
What are the health risks?
The United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates that residential radon exposure is responsible for 7,000 to 30,000 lung cancer deaths per year. The Surgeon General has warned that radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States. Only smoking causes more lung cancer deaths. If you smoke and your home has an elevated radon level, your risk of lung cancer is especially high.
How do you find out if radon is a problem in your home?
Data indicates that in Macomb County approximately 5 - 10% of the homes will have elevated radon levels. Since radon is odorless and invisible, the only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test for it. Testing is easy and inexpensive. Do-it-yourself test kits are accurate and readily available at most hardware and home improvement stores. Test kits are also available, free of charge, to all Macomb County residents at the following Health Department locations:
Central Health Center Southwest Health Center
43525 Elizabeth Road 27690 Van Dyke
Mt. Clemens, MI 48043 Warren, MI 48093
The Macomb County Health Department encourages all residents to test their home for radon.
What can you do if your home has a radon problem?
A variety of methods are used to reduce radon levels in homes. The cost of making repairs depends on the design of your home and the extent of the radon problem. The average house costs about $1,200 to fix, although repairs can range from about $500 to $2500. Contact the Macomb County Health Department to obtain a list of contractors that have completed federal and/or state radon remediation training programs.
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
Environmental Protection Agency